GOVERNMENT OF WEST BENGAL

DEPARTMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION

 

 
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COLLEGES

GENERAL INFORMATION ON GOVERNMENT AND NON-GOVERNMENT COLLEGES :

 

There are, different categories of College in West Bengal like Govt. colleges, non Govt. colleges under pay packet scheme and private self financing colleges under the administrative jurisdiction of the Higher Education Department.  They include General Degree Colleges and professional colleges like Law Colleges, Teachers’ Training Colleges, Management colleges and Engineering & Technological Colleges etc. Districtwise distribution of various category of colleges has been shown here.

General Degree Colleges in this State are under two broad categories—(i) Government Colleges and (ii) Non-Government Colleges. Self financing private colleges have also been set up in this area.

Government Colleges are directly controlled by the State Government. The entire expenditure for these Colleges are borne by the Higher Education Department. The teaching and non-teaching staff of these Colleges are Government employees.

The Non-Government Degree Colleges are also financed by the Higher Education Department almost entirely. In 1978, the PAY PACKET SCHEME was introduced for payment of salary of teaching and non-teaching employees of the Colleges under the West Bengal Colleges (Payment of Salaries) Act, 1978. All Non-Government degree colleges (including erstwhile sponsored colleges) receive salary under this scheme. Recently the State Govt. has allowed a few autonomous non-profit making societies/trusts to set up a few private colleges on self-financing basis. The General Degree Colleges have a wide variety in enrolment, subjects offered and in educational achievements.

Districtwise distribution of colleges with Honours teaching facility is shown in the Table below.

 

District

No. of Gen. Degree Colleges

(Govt. & Non-Govt.)

No. of Colleges with Hons. teaching facility

Bankura

18

15

Burdwan

28

27

Birbhum

14

11

Purulia

14

12

Calcutta

67

67

South 24-Parganas

38

29

North 24-Parganas

47

40

Coochbehar

11

10

Darjeeling

20

16

Hooghly

28

25

Howrah

18

17

Jalpaiguri

13

12

Malda

10

08

Midnapore (East)

18

15

Midnapore (West)

24

21

Murshidabad

22

17

Nadia

17

15

North Dinajpur

06

06

South Dinajpur

06

04

                                   Total  :     

                      419

367

 

The Department feels that Honours teaching facility should be evenly distributed in the districts amongst various subjects in Arts, Science and Commerce Groups. Efforts are being made to move in that direction.

 

In the case of extension of affiliation to new subjects in the existing colleges, the infrastructure of the particular college, its teaching strength, academic record as evidenced by examination results, location, area served, etc. are taken into consideration. Special importance is also given for according affiliation to new subjects in colleges, which have a higher SC/ ST student population. A number of Govt. and Non-Govt. Colleges have been given extension of affiliation in respect of new subjects during 2005-2006. Some colleges have more than one shift on account of student population.

 

Shift systems in Colleges

Chittaranjan College , Calcutta

M + D + E

Seth  Anandaram Jaipuria College, Calcutta

M + D + E

Victoria Institution, Calcutta

M + D

New Alipore College, Calcutta

D + E

Barrackpore Rastraguru Surendranath College , N.24–Parganas

D

Dum Dum Motiheel College, N. 24 –Parganas

M +D

Gobardanga Hindu College, N. 24-Parganas (B.Ed)

D + E

Narasingha Dutta College , Howrah

M + D + E

Uluberia College, Howrah (B.Ed)

D + E

Bidhan Chandra College , Rishra, Hooghly

D + E

Midnapore College

M + D

B. B. College, Asansol, Burdwan

M + D + E

Burdwan Raj College

M + D + E

Katwa College, Burdwan

M + D

M. U. C. Women’s College , Burdwan

M + D

Sri Gopal Banerjee College , Bagati, Hooghly

M + D + E

Rampurhat College , Birbhum

M + D + E

Vidyasagar College, Suri

D + E

Ramananda College , Bankura

D + E

Malda College , Malda

M + D + E

Hooghly Mohsin College , Hooghly

M + D + E

Taki Govt. College , N. 24 – Parganas

M + D

Barasat Govt.  College , N. 24- Parganas

M + D

Goenka College of Commerce , Calcutta

D + E

A. B. N. Seal College , Coochbehar

M + D

Durgapur Govt.  College, Burdwan

M + D

Jhargram Raj College , Midnapur

M + D

Darjeeling Govt.  College , Darjeeling

M + D

Chandernagar Govt.  College , Hooghly

M + D + E

Srichaityana College

D + E

Bolpur College

D + E

T.D.B. College, Raniganj

M + D

Panskura Banamali College

M + D + E

B. B. College, Asansol

D + E

 

M  = Morning, D  = Day, E = Evening

Out of 419  General Degree Colleges in West Bengal only 295 Colleges have the facility for science teaching at General and/ or Honours level. These science-teaching colleges are, however, not evenly distributed throughout all the districts. The following table will show percentage of distribution of colleges with science teaching facility in the districts.

 

Colleges with science teaching facility

 

District

Total No. of General Degree

Colleges

No. of Colleges with  Science teaching facility

Percentage of Science Teaching

Colleges to General Degree Colleges

Percentage of Science Teaching Colleges in the district to total No. of Science Teaching Colleges in the State

Bankura

18

09

50.00

3.48

Burdwan

28

23

82.14

8.91

Birbhum

14

08

57.14

3.10

Purulia

14

10

71.42

3.87

Calcutta

67

58

86.56

17.82

South 24-Parganas

38

25

65.78

8.13

North 24-Parganas

47

34

72.34

13.17

Coochbehar

11

06

54.54

2.32

Darjeeling

20

11

55.00

4.26

Hooghly

28

21

75.00

7.75

Howrah

18

13

72.22

4.65

Jalpaiguri

13

07

53.84

2.71

Malda

10

06

60.00

2.32

Midnapore (East)

18

15

61.11

4.26

Midnapore (West)

24

18

66.66

6.20

Murshidabad

22

11

50.00

4.26

Nadia

17

12

54.94

3.48

North Dinajpur

06

05

66.66

1.55

South Dinajpur

06

03

50.00

1.16

                        Total  :     

       419

295

61.57

100.00

 

Most of the sciences teaching colleges teach physical sciences (Physics/Chemistry). Life Sciences (Botany/Zoology/Physiology) are taught in less number of colleges. Subjects like Statistics, Geology, Computer Science, Electronics, etc. are taught in a limited number of colleges although there is a great demand for those subjects. In view of the above, the Higher Education Department has been granting affiliation for Computer Science and Electronics in  several colleges at both the General and the Honours level.

It may be noted from the following table that only 207 colleges offer teaching in Commerce. As regards districtwise distribution of these colleges, the percentage is high (i.e. more than 60%) in only 5 districts, namely, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan, Birbhum, Nadia and South 24-Parganas.

 

Number  &  percentage of Colleges in districts offering facility in commerce teaching

 

DISTRICT

NUMBER OF GENERAL DEGREE COLLEGES

NO. OF COLLEGES OFFERING COMMERCE TEACHING FACILITY

PERCENTAGE

Bankura

18

07

38.88

Burdwan

28

18

64.28

Birbhum

14

08

57.14

Purulia

14

06

42.85

Calcutta

67

37

55.22

South 24-Parganas

38

20

52.63

North 24-Parganas

47

18

38.29

Coochbehar

11

04

36.36

Darjeeling

20

06

30.00

Hooghly

28

18

64.28

Howrah

18

15

83.33

Jalpaiguri

13

04

30.76

Malda

10

03

30.00

Midnapore (East)

18

09

50.00

Midnapore (West)

24

10

41.66

Murshidabad

22

08

36.36

Nadia

17

11

64.70

North Dinajpur

06

03

50.00

South Dinajpur

06

02

33.33

                  Total  :     

                 419

207

49.40

 

GIRLS’ COLLEGE

The principle of equity demands expansion and promotion of girls’ education. The distribution of girls’ Colleges is shown below:

Number of Girls’ Colleges in districts with Hostel facility

 

DISTRICT

NUMBER OF GIRLS’ GENERAL DEGREE COLLEGES

COLLEGE WITH HOSTEL FACILITY

Bankura

01

01

Burdwan

04

04

Birbhum

00

00

Calcutta

46

12

Coochbehar

01

00

Darjeeling

03

00

Hooghly

04

01

Howrah

01

00

Jalpaiguri

01

01

Malda

01

01

Midnapore

02

02

Murshidabad

01

01

Nadia

01

01

North Dinajpur

00

00

North 24-Parganas

06

02

Purulia

01

01

South Dinajpur

01

01

South 24-Parganas

02

00

               Total  :

76

28

 

There are girls’ colleges in all districts except Birbhum and North Dinajpur. The oldest Girls’ College in the State is Bethune College, which was established in 1879. Besides the above-mentioned colleges, there are some professional colleges (Teachers’ Training / Fine Arts/ Home Science etc.) which are meant for girls’ students only. There are some co-education colleges with facility of Girls' Hostel.

 

GAMES AND SPORTS IN COLLEGES

FACILITIES

 

Although games and sports are not included in regular curricular programme of General Degree Colleges, the Government encourages these activities in various ways. There are posts of Physical Instructor/ Physical Instructress in all Government Colleges and in some Non-Government Colleges. They are entrusted with the responsibility of organising games and sports in respective colleges. Grants are released to colleges for purchase of equipment for games and sports.

 

GOVERNMENT COLLEGES

 

Most of the Govt. Colleges have playgrounds within or outside. The students of the colleges are encouraged to participate in games and sports. An INTER-GOVT. COLLEGE ATHLETIC MEET is held every year.

 

NON-GOVERNMENT COLLEGES

 

The picture of the non-Govt. colleges is slightly different. It is understood form available data that 105 colleges have playground attached to those colleges, while 25 colleges have playground outside the campus. But the playgrounds of most of those colleges are not spacious enough for popular games like football or cricket. Like Govt. Colleges, inter non-Govt. College athletic meet and Football competition is organised by the Directorate of Education annually.

 

HOSTEL FACILITIES IN COLLEGES

 

All the Government Engineering and Technological Colleges have hostel facility. All the Govt. Teachers’ Training Colleges, excepting one, also have this facility. Amongst the Govt. General Degree Colleges, however, only ten colleges have hostels. Amongst the non-Govt. (General Degree and Teachers’ Training) colleges, ninety-three colleges offer this facility. The number of non-Govt. colleges in each district having hostel facility is shown below:

 

Number of Colleges in districts offering Hostel facility

 

DISTRICT

NO. OF GOVT.  COLLEGES  WITH APPROVED HOSTEL FACILITY

NO.OF  NON- GOVT. COLLEGES  WITH APPROVED HOSTEL FACILITY

 

BOYS

GIRLS

TOTAL

BOYS

GIRLS

TOTAL

Bankura

––

––

––

05

01

06

Burdwan

––

––

––

03

03

06

Birbhum

––

––

––

06

––

06

Calcutta

03

02

05

07

04

11

Coochbehar

01

01

02

––

––

––

Darjeeling

––

01

01

––

––

––

Hooghly

02

02

04

08

02

10

Howrah

––

––

––

02

––

02

Jalpaiguri

––

––

––

02

––

02

Malda

01

––

1

01

01

02

Midnapore (East)

––

––

––

04

01

05

Midnapore (West)

01

01

02

07

01

08

Murshidabad

––

––

––

03

01

04

Nadia

01

––

01

––

––

––

North Dinajpur

––

––

––

––

––

––

North 24-Parganas

02

––

02

07

02

09

Purulia

––

––

––

01

––

01

South Dinajpur

––

––

––

––

––

––

South 24-Parganas

––

02

02

03

––

03

Total

11

09

20

59

16

75

 

Demography and Colleges

 

Name of the District

Comparative Area size 2001

Comparative Population size 2001

Sex Ratio

Density of Population per sq.km

No. of General Degree Colleges

Bankura

7.75%

3.98%

953

464

18

Burdwan

7.91%

8.63%

921

985

28

Birbhum

5.12%

3.76%

949

663

14

Calcutta

0.22%

5.71%

828

24760

67

Coochbehar

3.82%

3.09%

949

732

11

Darjeeling

3.55%

2.00%

943

510

20

Hooghly

3.55%

6.28%

947

1601

28

Howrah

1.65%

5.33%

906

2,913

18

Jalpaiguri

7.02%

4.24%

941

547

13

Malda

4.21%

4.10%

948

881

10

Midnapore (East)

7.75%

3.98%

953

464

18

Midnapore (West)

15.87%

12.01%

955

685

24

Murshidabad

6.00%

7.31%

952

1101

22

Nadia

4.42%

5.74%

947

1172

17

North Dinajpur

3.54%

3.04%

937

778

06

North 24-Parganas

4.62%

11.13%

927

2181

47

Purulia

7.05%

3.16%

953

405

14

South Dinajpur

2.50%

1.87%

950

677

06

South 24-Parganas

11.22%

8.61%

938

694

38

 

 

Districtwise distribution of different types of Colleges

 

District

General

Degree

(BA/BSc.  B.Com)

B.Ed

 

Physi-cal Edn.

 

Law

 

Music

 

Art

 

Engg.

&

Tech.

 

Business

Manage-ment & Hotel Management

Total

Bankura

18

5

1

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

2

Ύ

26

Burdwan

28(1G)

10

(1G)

1

3

1

1

12

4+2

62

Birbhum

14

4

Ύ

1

Ύ

Ύ

2

1

22

Calcutta

67 (6G )

13(2G)

2(1G)

4

1

1 (1G)

  17(2G)

5

110

Cooch Behar

11(1G)

2

1

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

14

Darjeeling

20 (1G)

3

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

1

2+1

27

Hooghly

28 (2G)

4(2G)

1(1G)

1

(1G)

––

––

5 (1G)

Ύ

39

Howrah

18

6

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

6

2

32

Jalpaiguri

13

3

1

1

Ύ

Ύ

1(G)

––

19

Malda

10

4

(1G)

1

Ύ

––

––

1

Ύ

16

Midnapore East

18(1G)

11

2

1

Ύ

1

2

1

36

Midnapore West

24(1G)

5

1

1

Ύ

Ύ

1

1

33

Murshidabad

22

6

2(1G)

2

Ύ

Ύ

3 (1G)

––

35

Nadia

17 (1G)

5

Ύ

2

––

––

4(1G)

2+1

31

Purulia

14

4

   ––

––

––

––

Ύ

Ύ

18

North Dinajpur

06

2

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

Ύ

––

Ύ

08

South Dinajpur

06

2

Ύ

1

Ύ

––

––

Ύ

09

North 24 Pgs

47 (3G)

9(1G)

1 (1G)

1

Ύ

1

5

6

70

South 24 Pgs

38

7

1 (1G)

4

Ύ

Ύ

4

7

61

Total

419

105

15

22

2

4

66

31+4

668

                            

        G - Indicate Govt. College

* Excluding 83 Professional Colleges (Non-AICTE), Total Colleges : 75

 

 

 
 

 
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