GOVERNMENT OF WEST BENGAL

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 NON-GOVERNMENT COLLEGES

 

Beside the Government Colleges, the State at present has 714 Non-Government Colleges of different categories of which 419 are non-Government General Degree College. Serampore College, established in 1818 under the initiative of the Danish Government is the oldest. It thus coincides with the year of establishment of Hindu College (later Presidency College) in Calcutta. It was followed by Krishnath College (1858), St. Xaviers’ College (1860), St. Paul’s College (1865) and Midnapore College (1873). The establishment of the colleges was, in some cases, associated with the National (Education) Movement in India during the British period, such as Surendranath College (1884) and Jadavpur Vidyapith (now Jadavpur Vidyapith College of Education). The decadal growth of Colleges (Appendix II) will show the course of development of Non-Government Colleges.

 

Since Independence, the Central and the State Governments have appointed various commissions in the field of education, the University Education Commission, 1948-49, the Indian Education Commission (Kothari Commission), 1964-66 and the Education Commission  (Ashok Mitra Commission), 1992-93 etc. for the improvement of education and the service conditions of the Non-Government College teachers which were not at par with those of the Government Colleges teachers. Various effective steps have been taken for the improvement of the service conditions of teachers of Non-Government Colleges since the Left Front Government came in to power in 1977, which include :

 

¨       As there was no security in service of College teachers and the payment of their salary was irregular, the present Government, after assumption of power, passed the West Bengal College (Payment of Salaries) Act, 1978 by which the security of service and the payment of salaries were ensured by the State Government. The Pay Packet Scheme is administered by Education Directorate.

¨       The Governing body of the Non-Government Colleges was democratized by the inclusion of elected representatives of the teaching and the non-teachings staff of the college.

¨       Previously the non-Government Colleges had to deposit 50% of their income in the Government Exchequer against the total payment of salary by the State Government. But the Government has waived this deposit.

¨       Similarly, Death-cum-Retirement benefit scheme was sanctioned for teachers of Non-Government Colleges in 1978. In 1993-94 an enhanced rate of pension and other benefits were sanctioned for teachers who had opted for them, making the benefits at par with those of the Government College teachers. A Pension Cell is attached to the Pay Packet Section of the Education Directorate to look after the payment of the Retirement Benefits of the Non-Government College teachers. Recently (2005-06) Govt. has taken urgent steps to clear the backlogs in pension related cases.

¨       Setting up of new departments/affiliation of new subjects in the emerging areas.

¨       Setting up of new courses/programme on self-financing basis.

¨       Professional and vocational courses in collaboration with different organisations/institutes.

 

Expansion and Quality improvement :

 

The State Government has concentrated on the decentralization of educational opportunities to the rural and other backward areas of the State to meet the demands of the people for education. Between 1977 to 2004 of General Degree Colleges have been established in different parts of the State. The State Government is equally conscious of the need for improvement of the quality of college education. Every year the State Government has been sanctioning grants for the development of libraries and laboratories of the Colleges. Funds are also released for the repair, reconstruction/ renovation and extension of college buildings.

 

The responsibility of management of the non-Government colleges lies with the Governing Bodies of the colleges subject to overall jurisdiction of the State Govt. The academic matters of the Colleges are looked after by the University concerned to which the colleges are affiliated.

 

NON-PLAN PROVISION FOR PAYMENT OF SALARY UNDER THE BUDGETARY HEAD “2202-03-104-NON-PLAN” FOR THE STAFF (TEACHING AND NON-TEACHING) OF THE NON-G DEGREE COLLEGES.

 

Year

Provision of Fund    (Rs. In lakh)

1994-95

113,30.00

1995-96

138,50.00

1996-97

144,60.00

1997-98

165,83.00

1998-99

176,00.00

1999-2000

204,40.00

2000-2001

243,20.00

2001-2002

263,00.00

2002-2003

283,27.84

2003-2004

297,44.23

2004-2005

342,00.00

2005-2006

377,52.54

2006-2007

3,86,53.13

2007-2008

3,97,38.00

2008-2009

4,07,67,79

 

C.         National Assessment & Accreditation Council (NAAC)

 

The last five decades have seen a notable increase in the number of Higher Education Institutions in the country. The need for quality in public Instructions can not be overlooked in any level of educational structure of the country.  However, maintenance of quality in Higher Education considering all socio-economic aspects, including the higher amount of investment per student, is a matter of paramount importance.

 

In order to address this issue of quality in higher education in the country, an apex evaluatory body, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC, Bangalore) has been constituted under the jurisdiction of the University Grants Commission, New Delhi in 1994.

 

During this financial year, as a result of very intense activities of the Cell, more than 26 colleges have been accredited by NAAC, bringing the total number of such colleges to 223, which is more than 55% of our total number of Degree Colleges, compared to the national average of 20%. Total number of accredited institutions at present stands at 237 (inclusive of 12 Teacher Education Departments/Colleges, 1 Art College and 1 Technology Institute). By that time, 3 Universities in the State had also been creditably re-accredited.

                                                        

Placement of Teachers  in Non-Government Colleges

 

The State Government established the West Bengal College Service Commission in 1979 for making recommendations for filling up the vacancies of different categories of teaching posts in Non-Government colleges. The College Service Commission has been successful in filling up the vacant posts of academic staff in large numbers and has helped in raising the academic atmosphere in the Colleges.

 

      During 2008-2009 (till November, 2008) nine non-government colleges under pay-packet scheme have been established. Some more proposals are under consideration. In the same period, 12 self-financing B.Ed. colleges have also been established.

      1500 new teaching posts were created last year.  Out of this, 920 posts have already been distributed to different colleges.

      College Service Commission has recommended 638 candidates for appointment as teachers and 90 candidates for appointment as Principals.  2820 vacancies have also been declared for teachers (including Training College Teachers) and Librarians.

      229 colleges including 11 B.Ed./B.P.Ed. departments have been accredited so far by NAAC.

 

¨       Commitment of the State Govt. towards Payment of higher remuneration to Part-time Teachers

 

Effective steps have already been taken towards payment of remuneration to part time teachers @ Rs.4000/- per month. Rs.107 crore has been allotted during 2007-2008 fiscal. Provisions have also been made in the current year’s budget in this matter.

 

¨       Sanction of Additional post of teachers for the Colleges

 

During the year, 1500 teaching posts in non-Govt. colleges and 125 teaching posts in Govt. colleges have been created in addition 17 posts of Professors has been created especially for the Presidency College.

 

241 colleges have submitted their performance statement till date towards Assessment of their progress under incentive scheme for government aided general degree colleges (SLAC).  Under this scheme, the State Government has released a grant of Rs.177 lakh to 23 colleges already assessed.  Another proposal for sanction of Rs.450 lakh for 54 colleges is in the pipeline.

 

 

 
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